Why would you need a dental implant?
One might lose a tooth due to an injury or an illness. Missing teeth can negatively affect your teeth alignment, altering shape and function. Complications include losing speech, rapid bone loss and discomfort in chewing.
These complications can be painful and also affect daily life. In which case, opting to get a dental implant could improve a person’s quality of life by a lot.
What are dental implants?
1) Endosteal Implant
An endosteal implant is the most commonly used implant currently.
The implant is made with titanium, small screws, and alloplastic material. The alloplastic material is called the artificial tissue graft. Endosteal implants are inserted into the jawbone through surgery. After some time, these implants bond with the bone.
2) Subperiosteal Implant
This type of implant is rare compared to endosteal implant. These implants are better for people without the jaw structure to support endosteal implants.
A subperiosteal implant not surgically inserted into the jawbone. It is inserted under the gun and over the jawbone and not surgically inserted into place. Since they’re placed on top of the bone, they do not bond to it.
More on Implants
If you’re looking to get a dental implant, here are the types of dental implants patients get.
- Single Tooth Implant
If you only have one tooth missing, you should go for a single tooth implant. This implant is ideal if you’re going for overall aesthetic, comfort and restoration of function.
The procedure requires one crown to be connected to the dental implant screw.
- Implant-Supported Bridge
These are most suitable for those people who are missing several teeth.
A dental bridge helps restore function by preventing the other teeth from moving. It also helps with chewing which in turns improves eating, and also speaking.
- All-on-4 and 3-on-6 Implants
If a person has many missing teeth, it is suitable to go for an all-on-4 implant. This option restores the entire upper jaw, lower jaw, or both arches. This greatly improves function and is a permanent solution however requires a lot of maintenance.
On the other hand the 3-on-6 implant consists of three individual dental bridges. These are attached to six dental implants. This option is similar to a dental bridge however with artificial roots. This option is for those who require full jaw reconstruction.
Pros and Cons of Implants
- Help you with chewing and speaking
- Restore your smile thus improving confidence
- Reduces stress on your natural teeth therefore improving dental health
- Prevents loss of jaw height
- Preserves bone structure and reduces ageing resemblance
- Don’t gain color or discoloration, might not look natural
- Requires invasive surgery for placement
- Expensive and some types require maintenance
- Might require extra surgery such as bone grafting